Delphine MERLE

What is psychology?

Psychology is a discipline of the Human Sciences which takes into account the singularity of the individual and the totality of the situation in which he is placed.The psychologist works with people who present both temporary difficulties and psychological disorders, at all stages of life, from infants to the elderly.

One of the main current consultation requests is brief psychotherapy from a care perspective: EMDR therapy

What is EMDR therapy?

EMDR is a therapeutic method discovered by Françoise Shapiro in 1987 which consists in restarting, mainly via eye movements, the natural adaptive processing of painful information, which until then caused the subject suffering and various symptoms.

EMDR is very effective: it is the only one (with CBTs) whose use is officially recommended by the HAS (high health authority) for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, which is involved in the validation of medical care, since 2007.

Trauma (traumatic act, such as rape, or an accident) and the resulting symptoms (post-traumatic stress disorder, phobias, depression, nightmare, anxiety, etc.) are indications of EMDR.

EMDR is intended for children from birth, adolescents, as well as adults.

Psychotrauma is the set of immediate, post-immediate and then chronic psychological disorders developing in a person after a traumatic event that threatened their physical and / or mental integrity.

These disorders can set in for months or even a lifetime without treatment.

They cause great moral suffering linked to reminiscences (traumatic memory) with the establishment of avoidance behaviors to escape them (phobias, withdrawal, etc.) hypervigilance behaviors to try to control them and dissociation behaviors to try to self-treat them (risky behaviors and addictive anesthetic behaviors).

EMDR is a real therapy, not only indicated in the event of trauma.

Underpinned by the model of adaptive information processing, it makes it possible to restart this innate healing system, consisting in processing lived experiences in order to store them in the adapted brain part, as our brain naturally does during night.

Indeed, during the phases of paradoxical sleep the brain reviews all the events experienced during the day and “retreats” them. We can then learn from our lived experiences

Unfortunately, some painful experiences cannot be treated properly due to their high emotional load. They thus remain stored in their raw state – along with their thoughts, bodily sensations, images, or negative emotions, in a bad part of your brain and thus generate dysfunctions.

By identifying the "targets" responsible for the dysfunction and alternating bilateral stimulation (the famous eye movements), we forcefully relaunch the adaptive information processing system, allowing these experiences to be digested and the dysfunctions to be modified.

Psychological care for adults begins with an initial interview during which the psychologist assesses the consultant's request.

This very important first meeting allows the patient and the practitioner to discover each other and to decide if a team work is possible.

It is during this session that the modalities of therapy will be set, including the pace of appointments

This therapy makes it possible to take charge of a fairly wide range of psychological dysfunctions:

Chronic pain

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD)

Anxious states



Eating disorders


Sleep disturbances

etc …

The child psychologist first sees the child or adolescent accompanied by his or her immediate family.

This first session makes it possible to assess both the demand and the family dynamics.

The modalities of psychotherapy will be decided during this meeting: we can see the child alone, have family sessions, or even choose to see one of the two parents alone if necessary.

For young children, the presence of parents – who are thus my “co-therapists” is obviously necessary.

As with adults, EMDR therapy restarts the brain's innate healing system, allowing the "digestion" of previously blocked experiences.

The sessions with the children last about 40 minutes. Ten minutes, before or after the session, are also necessary to discuss with the parents. Meetings can be one-off or regular, depending on the needs.