Catherine CADEAU YSSEMBOURG – Anne-Sophie PITTIE
What is speech therapy?
Speech therapy is a paramedical discipline dealing with the screening, assessment and rehabilitation of voice, oral and facial disorders, swallowing, articulation, speech, language and oral communication. and written.
Speech-language pathologists work with children, adolescents, adults and the elderly to help them overcome communication problems which can be very diverse.
Indeed, the disorders concerned appear at various ages, and are caused by factors of an organic nature (sensory, motor, neurological damage or dysfunction), or of a psycho-social nature (more or less marked developmental difficulties, socio-cultural).
The speech therapist works on medical prescription and is therefore in contact with the doctor. He also works in conjunction with other paramedical professions (psychomotor therapists, orthoptists, psychologists, etc.) who complement speech therapy for certain patients.
The disorders we treat
Written language disorders, such as dyslexia, dysorthography and dysgraphia.
Disorders of mathematical cognition: disorder of reasoning and dyscalculia.
Aphasia, dysphagia and dysarthria, caused by various neurological damage.
Cognitive disorders (language, memory, attention) resulting from a cerebrovascular accident or a head trauma.
Communication disorders linked to degenerative cerebral pathology (eg Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).
Dysphonia and dysodia, caused by organic or functional damage to the larynx; vocal harmonization in the context of gender transitions.
Esophageal or tracheoesophageal voice education in the aftermath of laryngeal surgery.
Disorders in the context of interceptive orthodontic treatment (breathing – swallowing – phonation).
Stuttering, fluency disorder.
Disorders secondary to a sensory impairment (demutization of deaf children, speech reading education, optimization of aids (hearing aids or cochlear implants).
Disorders secondary to genetic diseases, causing mental and neuro-motor damage (eg trisomy 21).
Disorders secondary to neurological damage in the period and peri-natal (eg: cerebral palsy).
Disorders secondary to pervasive developmental disorders (eg autism).
Disorders secondary to congenital malformations of the face (eg: bicycle-labio-palatal cleft).